What you need to know
A stroke is a brain attack. It is very serious, but many people go on to recover and live healthy lives. A stroke happens when a blockage such as a clot blocks the blood flow to the brain, or when a burst blood vessel bleeds into the brain.
It is predicted that over 11,000 New Zealanders will experience a stroke in 2020. On average, one person has a stroke every 45 minutes.
Research shows stroke is a leading cause of death in New Zealand, behind heart disease and all cancers combined. But many, many New Zealanders who have a stroke recover and lead successful, happy lives.
A stroke is a brain attack
A stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to part of the brain causing it to stop working and eventually damaging brain cells.
During a stroke, the cells in the affected part of the brain start to die and that part of the brain cannot work properly. This can affect a person’s ability to walk, talk, eat, see, read, socialise or do things they were able to do before the stroke.
Many people with stroke may also have fatigue or problems with remembering, understanding or thinking properly.
This short video is an excellent explanation of what a stroke is (courtesy of HealthSketch).
Types of stroke
The impact of Stroke
Different parts of the brain control a person’s movements, senses, emotions and intellectual functions. The effects of stroke depend on which part of the brain is damaged and how severe the damage is.
Disabilities from stroke range from slight to severe. Some people make a speedy recovery and return to their normal lives. Others have disabilities that may improve with time and can be managed. For many, disabilities may last a lifetime. A small number of people will need full time medical care.
Who does stroke affect?
Anyone can have a stroke. Although strokes often happen to older people, a quarter of all strokes in New Zealand occur in people of working age or younger – even children and babies have strokes.
Stroke is largely preventable, yet each year about 11,000 people in this country have a stroke. This number could be reduced by three quarters if all the recommended actions to reduce stroke risks were taken in the community.
There is a list of facts and FAQs about stroke and treatment here. Our Life After Stroke section also takes you through treatment, rehabilitation, and what to expect after a stroke - we strongly recommend this free resource.